Kathmandu. The youth who are at the forefront of every political change are always deprived of the benefits of the achievements.
It has become common for the younger generation to go abroad in Nepal. It is estimated that about 4 million skilled and unskilled youth have gone abroad. Generally, skilled youth go abroad in search of education and opportunities, while unskilled youth go abroad for livelihood.
Remittances sent by the youth have become the backbone of the country. While the youth are sweating in foreign lands, the leaders are trying to empty the coffers of the country.
It is unfortunate that the young generation, which occupies about half of the country, is not a priority for the state. The exodus of young talents is increasing day by day due to unstable politics, lack of employment opportunities, quality education and career development, and not seeing their future in the country.
The young generation, who are educated and understand the country and abroad, have a habit of not being interested in politics and the reins of power have fallen into the hands of bad people. They only mobilized the youth.
He made the youth only a stepping stone to political power. As a result, the country is becoming youthless today. When the energetic and creative masses of the country do not have a share in nation-building; Then the country goes to waste.
The youth who are at the forefront of every political change is always deprived of the benefits of the achievements. Even young people who want to do something in the country are forced to leave the country due to the socio-political situation. We only agitated for a change of law.
We did not change the social and economic conditions of the people. There was the criminalization of politics and the politicization of crime in the country.
After the establishment of democracy, the net of centralized corruption became decentralized and reached the villages. Person-centered politics prevailed over method and methodology.
Not good people; Our people have been elevated to high positions. Capability, competence, and competition were curbed and chakki, flattery, and opportunism were promoted. As a result, politics is gradually losing its way.
The current political developments have led to extreme frustration and anger among the youth. Looking at the statistics of the last 10 years, the rate of youth emigration has increased geometrically.
According to the statistics of the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology, 24,824 students had obtained Foreign Study Permit (NOC) in the fiscal year 2065/66, while 63,259 students had obtained study permit in the fiscal year 2076/77.
If you look at the statistics for the last 10 years, it is more than double. Most of them are skilled and technical manpower.
A total of 34,104 people including MBBS, MD, MS, and MDS have been registered in the Nepal Medical Council so far. Of them, only about 1,500 are working in the government service. The remaining half is in private and others abroad.
According to a study conducted by the Center for Investigative Journalism, only 25 percent of the IOM students in the 23rd to 28th grade are in Nepal and the remaining 75 percent have fled to developed countries including the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, and Europe. The same is true of nursing.
According to the Nursing Council, out of 56,000 registered nurses, about 16,000 have obtained permission to study abroad. About 20 percent of nurses have gone abroad. Similarly, it is estimated that 50 percent of the 55,000 engineers registered with the Nepal Engineers Council are abroad.
The situation is similar for students studying agriculture and forestry. Agriculture-oriented countries lack agricultural technicians. Around 50,000 young people go abroad every year in the name of technical and non-technical education.
Most of the young people who have gone abroad in the name of study have settled abroad under the pretext of PR and green card. Even the youths who have returned to their motherland after completing their studies have been returning abroad as they did not get the job and price they were hoping for.
The Government of Nepal has also launched a campaign to repatriate foreign talents through the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. How effective would this campaign be without a clear policy and plan? That remains to be seen.
It is important to debate whether to repatriate young talents or create an environment conducive to going abroad. The government should have an in-depth discussion on the reasons why young people go abroad.
In today’s age of globalization and information technology, it is impossible to say that we will stop the brain drain. Not just for country development studies; A large workforce has also come out for employment.
According to the data collected by the Ministry of Labor, Employment and Social Security from all 753 local levels of the country, there are 1.7 million unemployed in the country. This is 21.54 percent of the total workforce of the country.
In the Fiscal Year 075/076, 58,828 Nepali youths went abroad for foreign employment. According to the Nepal Rastra Bank, the government collected Rs. 870 billion in remittances from foreign employment in FY 2011/12.
If we look at the history of the developed countries of the world, prosperity has come from the labor and sweat of the youth.
We are talking about prosperity by keeping the youth out. The country cannot move forward in the direction of prosperity unless the youth can be directly involved in the mainstream of development. The youth is moving manpower.
It is naturally looking for opportunities. Young people wandering in search of suitable opportunities where they see opportunities; That’s where it goes. Today, young people have gone abroad due to a lack of employment opportunities in Nepal.
Most of the youth would not have gone abroad if employment opportunities had been created at home. Employment is also a priority for young people going to Japan, Australia, Europe, the USA, and Canada for study. The intellectual exodus from the country in search of employment and opportunities is still on the rise.
The state should increase investment in youth to curb such increasing youth migration. Additional employment opportunities should be created by creating an investment-friendly environment. Employment should be guaranteed along with the study.
By making secondary education practical and practical, employment should be ensured along with studies after passing 12th class.
Scholarships will be given to the manpower such as doctors, engineers, nurses, agricultural technicians, and information technology experts and the government will guarantee the work after the study. Doubling the available services.
To develop a labor culture to increase respect for labor. Ending the discrimination of small and big work.
To create youth employment and entrepreneurship, concessional loans will be given on the basis of educational certificates and insurance will also be provided. Arrangements will be made to provide direct employment to the youths who have returned after obtaining higher education from abroad according to their expertise.
To develop industries and factories in collaboration with multinational companies to increase foreign investment. To make education and health free and quality. To establish and develop a research center for academic study and research.
To establish innovation centers at every local level for the development of science and technology. To decentralize the services, facilities, and opportunities centered only in the capital to the villages.
To provide full employment to all the youth above 16 years of age for the implementation of the right to employment mentioned in the constitution. To fully guarantee social security.
To develop and expand the scholarship program with its allies to motivate the youth. To develop a platform to use international experience in the national interest. The knowledge, skills, capital, and technology of non-resident Nepalis will be the first thing the government will give hope to the youth.
Proportional distribution by creating opportunities for the youth. Creating the same opportunities for the youth inside the country rather than launching a campaign to repatriate the youth outside the country can prevent youth emigration to some extent.
When there are stability and development in the country then the youth start seeing the future in their country. If we look at the history of all the developed countries of the world, it is made up of the labor and sweat of the youth.
At present, the country is in the process of reconstruction. At present, the country needs skilled and technical manpower. But there is a lack of skilled manpower due to the brain drain.
Therefore, the youth should be made partners of development in the grand campaign of nation-building. Change and development are possible only if their knowledge, skills, creativity, and energy can be used for nation-building.
It is the participation of the youth in development that contributes to prosperity. Therefore, it is necessary for the government to formulate policies, plans, and programs with the youth at the center.
It is a daydream to imagine a prosperous Nepal by spending the energetic time and skills of the youth in foreign lands. Without the participation of the youth, the dream of a happy and prosperous Nepal will not be fulfilled.