Monday, January 30, 2023
Monday, January 30, 2023

Here is the outcome of the 2022 federal election. Does it intend for Nepal to experience a new political wave?

The outcome of the 2022 federal election demonstrates that Nepalis may have come to the realization that they should not emulate those famous people and should oppose nepotism.

Kathmandu. Legal and eligible Nepalis from all throughout the nation cast their votes on November 20, 2022, to choose the 275 members of the House of Representatives.

The 11th administration will be formed as a consequence of this general election, with 165 members chosen by FPTP from single-member constituencies and 110 members chosen via party-list proportional representation from a single countrywide constituency.

Additionally to the legislative election, there were also provincial elections. The votes have been tallied and the process is concluded. The new government has not yet taken the oath of office.

The outcome of the 2022 federal election demonstrates that Nepalis may have come to the realization that they should not emulate those famous people and should oppose nepotism. But whether the recently chosen delegates usher in a new political wave in Nepal or not will only become clear with time.

Critical evaluation of the 2022 federal election

The Nepali Congress gained 32 seats for the party and 57 seats for the constituency, giving it the winning party with a total of 89 seats, according to the electoral commission’s official result.

Following closely behind, the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist), CPN (UML), took home 78 seats in total—34 for the party and 44 for the constituency. 43 seats were lost by the CPN (UML) compared to the previous general election.

After breaking from the People’s Socialist Party, the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre)—Socialist Party of Nepal won only 32 seats overall after losing 21 seats in the previous election. Unsurprisingly, the People’s Socialist Party lost a significant 22 seats in this election, earning only 12 seats overall. It can be argued that the party split contributed in some way to their demise.

The newly founded Rastriya Swatantra Party, however, was able to garner 20 seats and finish the election as the fourth-largest party. 13 seats were won by the party, and 7 seats were won by the district. The success of the party with a nonpartisan leader and common ideologies demonstrates a recent shift in the political culture and citizenry of Nepal.

The Janamat Party (6 seats), the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Socialist) (10 seats), the Loktantrik Samajwadi Party (4 seats), and the Nagrik Unmukti Party are a few more newly formed parties that were successful in winning some seats in this election (3 seats). Additionally, five seats were won by independent candidates who did not belong to any political parties.

In the parliamentary election, the Nepali Congress’s clear majority was evident, but in the provincial election, no party was able to secure a majority. Even yet, the Nepali Congress won 174 seats, which was the most.

The Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist) came in second place with 161 seats won, down 82 seats from the previous election. The Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre)—Socialist Party only managed to win 83 seats, losing 25 seats in the process.

With its historical formation during the Panchayat era, the Rastriya Prajatantra Party was able to gain 28 seats, four more than in the previous election. With only 20 victories, the People’s Socialist Party lost 48 seats. In this election, the new parties were able to pick up a sizable number of seats.

The Janamat Party won 16 seats, the Loktantrik Samajwadi Party 12, the Nagrik Unmukti Party 13, and the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Socialist) won 24 seats each. Additionally, 12 seats were won by the independent candidates.

A similar pattern to the parliamentary election was evident in the local elections that were held on May 13, 2022, in 460 rural communities, 276 municipalities, 6 metropolitan cities, and 11 sub-metropolitan cities. With 13,773 victories, the Nepali Congress won the most seats.

The Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist) came in second with 11,929 victories. The People’s Socialist Party managed to finish fourth with 1,548 victories, while the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre) was able to win 5,045 seats.

385 seats were won by the independent candidates. In this election, Province 1 saw the most victories for the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist), while Nepali Congress held a majority in the other provinces.

Briefly stated

Overall, the Nepali Congress proved to be the most popular candidate in all of the federal elections held in 2022. The three tiers of the federal elections resulted in a minor loss for the Communist Parties. There were a number of alliances made and destroyed. It appeared as though the communist emergence had experienced considerable instability within their own neighborhood.

Similar to this, CK Raut and Mahindra Raya Yadav were finally elected to replace the old faces in Madheshi politics.

The cases of Bina Magar, the daughter-in-law of Pushpa Kamal Dahal, Manushi Yami Bhattarai, the daughter of Baburam Bhattarai and Hisila Yami, Mohammad Firdosh Alam, the son of Mohammad Aftab Alam, and a few others who lost the elections this year drew strong responses from Nepalese citizens.

Although nepotism in politics is nothing new, it wasn’t blatantly favored in this year’s federal election. Unfortunately, it is difficult to alter the ideas of an entire generation, thus only a select few applicants were able to advance in the family. The candidacy of individuals from a variety of professional backgrounds in the federal elections, however, demonstrates an unusual or new wave in politics.

On January 10, the House of Representatives will consider a motion of confidence in the government, according to Prime Minister Pushpa Kamal Dahal.

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